The national security law Beijing foisted on Hong Kong has drawn red lines across many aspects of life in the region, but a vanguard of young democrats is intent on shaking up the political order and gaining mass support.
Young firebrands stormed to big wins in several Hong Kong districts that held primary elections for the democracy camp on the weekend, outshining some veteran democrats.
Backed by throngs of volunteers, several dozen so-called localists took to the streets to campaign for their unofficial primary poll to select the strongest pro-democracy candidates for a city legislative election in September.
“We believe the traditional way adopted by the old politicians is not useful and quite pointless during this era,” said Sunny Cheung, 24, who turned down a chance to study for a masters’ degree at Johns Hopkins University to “resist the evil regime.”
Clad in black with white sneakers while handing out flyers outside a metro station, Cheung said his generation had been energized by anti-government protests and embraced “resistance.”
The localists — a term for those who do not see themselves as Chinese and focus on saving the former British colony’s freedoms — tend to adopt a more assertive stance than traditional democrats.
While many localists talk publicly about resistance, they don’t speak about independence for Hong Kong, which could see them fall afoul of the new security law and face up to life in prison.
On Tuesday, China’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office condemned the weekend poll as “illegal manipulation” and a “blatant challenge” to the security law.
Former democracy lawmaker Au Nok-hin stepped down on Wednesday as organizer of the election due to Beijing’s remarks, although he reiterated the poll was legal.
Of the more than 610,000 people — or about eight per cent of the city’s population — who participated in the poll, up to three-quarters of them in several districts backed the localist or “resistance” camp, according to organizers.
Seeking a majority
The democrats are hoping to secure a majority in the city’s 70-seat legislature for the first time, riding a wave of anti-Beijing sentiment.
“I hope that the new generation can respond to the angry roar of the times and resist in the Legislative Council with new methods and ideologies,” said incumbent democratic lawmaker Helena Wong, 61, who was muscled out of contention in the primaries.
Veteran democrats and assembly members like James To, Lam Cheuk-ting, Gary Fan and Alvin Yeung performed poorly, with their moderate call for democracy no longer appealing to young voters.
“I don’t trust the traditional democrats anymore. They failed to bring any change,” said one student.
Many localists are followers of Edward Leung, a former pro-independence activist and philosophy student who became a de facto leader of their movement.
Leung was jailed in 2016 for six years on a riot charge.
‘Era of change’
“Edward Leung has become the spiritual leader of Hong Kongers. He inspired me and many others,” said Owen Chow, 23, who campaigned over the weekend with a loud hailer rigged to a BMW convertible.
“We’ve entered an era of change.”
The security law criminalizes what Beijing defines as terrorism, secession, foreign collusion and subversion, while authorizing Chinese security agents to enforce laws in the city.
Beijing and Hong Kong’s Beijing-backed government say it is needed to restore stability and safeguard prosperity.
A large number of disqualifications when nominations open on Saturday could stoke fresh protests, political analysts warn.
“Many argue that this is the darkest age of Hong Kong,” said Cheung.
“We can only try to incrementally do something. We don’t know which path can be 100 per cent effective. We’re not sure about anything, actually. We have to try everything.”